Online Lottery fraud is called “advance-fee scam” as demand for advance fee is its special feature. According to the recent survey, 85 percent of India’s Internet users are familiar with the term “Internet scam” and feel open to online threats.
In Lottery fraud cases, the unsuspecting straightforward person receives a message or e-mail claiming that his mobile number or e-mail ID has won millions of dollars or pounds in a lucky draw such as the International Cricket Cup draw or the Microsoft Lucky Contest etc., by which victims must contact with their e-mail ID to receive the prize.
Once the gullible becomes a victim of these temptations, the fraudster asks them to pay in the bank accounts presented for the following reasons –
- Upfront fee
- Processing fee
- Transfer fee
- Fees for obtaining No Objection Certificate (NOC)
- Fees for money laundering
- Income Tax Department Fees
- GST etc.
Typically, fraudsters pretend to be agents, ambassadors, diplomats, managers, CEOs, etc.
This fee can start with a large amount offered at one time or small amounts given at several times. If the amount is paid, the scammer asks you to pay a new fee before receiving the reward. They keep asking for more money as long as you stay connected with it. But the victim never gets the money that was originally promised.
There are also instances where fraudsters came to the victim’s house and gave a suit case / trolley bag containing a metal box. The fraudster then opened the box and took out the bundles of black paper, claiming that the prize money had been blackened due to security reasons. When they were cleaned with special chemicals, the notes would change to their original form. Ultimately, the proposed prize money is never paid because it does not actually exist.
On such complaints, cases are registered under Section 66-D of the IT Act, as it is fraudulent by impersonating the names of reputed organizations and individuals with the help of e-mail and other electronic resources.
What should the victim do?
E-mail based fraud:
All e-mail exchanges between the victim and the fraudster must be collected as documentary evidence to prove fraud , demand for money, etc. In addition, prints of whatever fake certificates, such as ‘Winning Certificate’, ‘Immigration Clearance Certificate’, etc., which were sent to the victims by e-mail should be collected.
Additionally, the victim must find and protect the header of the email to be analyzed.
E-mail header removal process:
Step 1: Open mail correspondence.
Step 2: Tap on drop down box.
Step 3: Click on “show original”.
In case of depositing the amount:
All deposit slips should also be collected according to the amount deposited by the victim in different bank accounts.